You have received your beautiful flowers and of course would like them to last as long as possible. Our market fresh, and when available farm fresh flowers have been conditioned and kept in an optimum environment before they were delivered.
There are also a few simple things you can do to at home.
Change the water every 2-3 days
Trim the stems on an angle
Clean the vase each time
Use flower food/preserver*
Use lukewarm water each time you fill the vase
Remove any leaves below the water line
If your flowers came in container with floral foam, 'water' every 1-2 days
Keep flowers in a cooler spot away from drafts & direct sunlight
A position away from fruit is best
Mist petals with a water spray.
*or make your own flower preserver:
To 500ml of water add
1 teaspoon sugar, 1 teaspoon household bleach, 2 teaspoons lemon juice or vinegar
Changing water frequently, removing leaves from below the water line & cleaning the vase all help prevent bacteria from forming. Bacteria blocks water flow in the flowers’ stems, causing your blooms to wilt sooner.
Cut 1/2 inch when trimming the stem using a sharp knife or secateurs. Cutting on an angle allows more surface area for the stem to absorb & transport water.
The tiny packet of flower food usually supplied with your flowers helps fight microbes which cause flowers to deteriorate and it also provides flowers with nutrients.
It usually contains bleach to disinfect, citric acid to reduce the water's pH and sugar.
Using lukewarm water help the water up take
Some fruits produce ethylene which ripens other fruits & flowers causing them to deteriorate.
Keeping your flowers near heat such as radiators or direct sun light with cause them to wilt sooner.
If you have purchased flowers in a cellophane or plastic sleeve, remove this as soon as you get home and follow all the other steps.
Some flowers have their own special needs
Gerbra Daisys do better with only a small amount of water at the bottom of the vase - only the bottom 5cm or so of the stem in water
Peonies are big drinkers! Check the water level daily as you might need to add fresh water, and always check before re-cutting the stems, too.
Irises - Buy flowers in the ‘pencil’ stage, showing colour or just starting to open
Tulips & Daffodils - Before placing tulips with daffodils, which secrete a sap that clogs other flowers’ stems, condition daffodils in water for a day and do not recut them.
After receiving roses only remove about 1/3 of the foliage. Leaves are needed to help “pump” water up the stem. Remove thorns that will be below the water line. Take care de-thorning the roses: leaf and stem wounds allow air bubbles to enter the stem which will impede water uptake.
Misting all of your tropical flowers daily will keep them moist and maintain their fresh look.
Further reading you might find helpful